Varicose veins are superficial (close to the surface of the skin) veins that have become damaged as a result of vein disease. In healthy veins, tiny one-way valves make sure that blood is pumped in only one direction – “upwards” towards the heart. Once the blood has passed through, the valves close so that it can’t flow “downwards,” back into the veins. If you have a vein disease called chronic venous insufficiency (CVI), these valves become “leaky” and allow blood to flow back into the veins and collect there, causing them to swell. Often, these swollen, discolored veins become visible through the thin surface of the skin.
Varicose veins can grow quite large (4-5 millimeters) and take on a gnarled, ropy appearance. Left untreated, they can also cause changes to the color and texture of the skin that covers them. Whatever their size, they impair your circulation, so common side effects of varicose veins include tired and weak legs, swollen legs and ankles, and leg ulcers that can become so severe that it becomes difficult to stand or walk.
If they are small and not producing too many side effects, varicose veins can be treated conservatively through diet, exercise, lifestyle changes, and wearing compression stockings to improve your circulation.
If the symptoms are more uncomfortable – or if you want to remove the unsightly varicose veins completely for cosmetic reasons – there are a number of treatments that the best varicose vein doctors in Hudson County can use to eliminate them permanently. These treatments – such as ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy and endovenous laser therapy (EVLT) – are described in more detail in other sections of this website.
Cross County Cardiology physicians specialize in a number of state-of-the-art venous procedures and diagnostic tests. To find out more about them, and how these treatments may help you or a loved one, complete the form below and one of our specialists will contact you.
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